Big Tech’s superficial support is undermining the right-to-repair movement

Big Tech companies have long touted themselves as champions of sustainability and consumer rights, but their support for the right-to-repair movement seems to be nothing more than a facade. While they may claim to be on board with allowing consumers greater access to repair their devices, their actions tell a different story.

The right-to-repair movement seeks to provide consumers with the legal right to repair their devices themselves or have them repaired by independent technicians, rather than being forced to rely on the manufacturer or authorized repair centers. This movement aims to reduce electronic waste, empower consumers, and foster a more sustainable approach to technology.

However, when we look closely at the actions of Big Tech companies, we see that their support for this movement is superficial at best. Take Apple, for example. While they recently announced the launch of their Independent Repair Provider program, which allows independent repair shops to access official Apple parts and tools, the requirements and limitations placed on these providers severely limit the effectiveness of the program.

In order to qualify as an Independent Repair Provider for Apple devices, a repair shop must meet stringent requirements, including employing Apple-certified technicians and having dedicated space and equipment for repairs. While Apple claims this program provides greater access to repairs, it effectively maintains control over the repair process and limits competition from independent repair businesses.

Furthermore, Apple's program only covers a limited range of devices, leaving out newer models like the iPhone 13. This means that even if you choose to go with an independent repair provider, there is no guarantee that they will have access to the necessary parts or tools to fix your device.

Apple is not alone in this deceptive support for the right-to-repair movement. Other Big Tech companies, such as Microsoft and Amazon, have adopted similar approaches. Microsoft, for instance, has launched its own repair program called Microsoft Authorized Refurbishers (MAR). However, this program restricts participants to refurbishing devices for commercial or educational use only, limiting access for individual consumers.

Amazon, on the other hand, has implemented a program called Amazon Renewed, where it sells refurbished and open-box products. While this may seem like a step in the right direction, it's worth noting that Amazon restricts the refurbishment process to its own authorized partners, further limiting consumer options for repair.

These superficial attempts by Big Tech companies to support the right-to-repair movement not only undermine the principles behind it, but they also perpetuate a monopolistic hold on repairs and maintain control over pricing. By tightly controlling access to repair parts, tools, and documentation, these companies effectively dictate the terms of repair and prevent competition from independent repair businesses, leading to inflated prices for consumers.

Independent repair technicians and small businesses play a crucial role in providing affordable and accessible repair services, extending the lifespan of devices and reducing e-waste. By undermining the right-to-repair movement, Big Tech companies are not only limiting consumer choice, but also exacerbating the growing problem of electronic waste.

In conclusion, while Big Tech companies may project an image of support for the right-to-repair movement, their actions tell a different story. Their superficial efforts to provide access to repairs through programs and initiatives are riddled with restrictions that maintain their control over the repair process. As consumers, it is important to be aware of these deceptive practices and advocate for genuine right-to-repair legislation that truly empowers consumers and fosters a more sustainable approach to technology.

How is its design?

The design choices made by Big Tech companies have been a major obstacle to the right-to-repair movement. These companies, which include industry giants like Apple, Microsoft, and Samsung, have implemented various measures that make it difficult for users to repair their own devices or have them repaired by independent third parties.

One of the key ways in which design undermines the right-to-repair is through complex hardware and software integration. Big Tech companies often design their devices in a way that makes it nearly impossible for users to access or repair certain components. For example, proprietary screws and adhesives are used to seal devices shut, making it difficult for users to open them up without specialized tools.

Furthermore, certain software updates can intentionally disable or limit the functionality of devices that have been repaired by non-authorized technicians. This practice, known as "bricking," effectively renders the device useless and forces users to seek repairs from the manufacturer or authorized service providers. In some cases, these repairs can be costly, inconvenient, or may even require users to purchase a brand-new device.

By controlling the repair process, Big Tech companies not only limit consumer choice but also hinder innovation. Independent repair shops are often unable to access the necessary tools, parts, or technical information needed to effectively repair devices. This lack of access stifles competition and prevents smaller players from entering the market, ultimately reducing consumer options and potentially driving up prices.

These design choices also contribute to the growing electronic waste problem. With limited repair options, many consumers are forced to discard their devices and replace them with new ones. According to a report by the United Nations University, global electronic waste reached a record high of 53.6 million metric tons in 2019, with only 17.4% being formally documented and recycled.

In summary, the design decisions made by Big Tech companies have a significant impact on the right-to-repair movement. From complex hardware integration to intentional software limitations, these choices limit consumer choice, hinder innovation, and contribute to the growing electronic waste problem. The right-to-repair movement is aiming to address these issues and promote a more sustainable and consumer-friendly approach to technology repair.

How is its performance?

The right-to-repair movement has gained significant traction in recent years, advocating for consumers' ability to repair and modify their electronic devices without the need for manufacturer authorization. While this movement aims to empower individuals and reduce electronic waste, the performance of Big Tech's superficial support is undermining its progress.

One way Big Tech hinders the right-to-repair movement is by providing limited access to crucial resources. Although some companies claim to support repairability, they often make it challenging for third-party repair shops to access necessary parts, tools, and documentation. This restriction limits the ability of independent technicians to effectively repair devices, forcing consumers to rely on costly manufacturer repairs.

Moreover, Big Tech often utilizes digital locks or software restrictions to control repairs. By implementing these measures, companies create artificial barriers that prevent individuals from fixing their own devices or seeking assistance outside the manufacturer's authorized network. These practices not only limit consumer choice, but they also discourage independent repair shops from providing services.

The performance of Big Tech's superficial support further weakens the right-to-repair movement through the manipulation of software updates. Companies have been known to introduce updates that intentionally slow down or disable devices that have been repaired or modified outside of their authorized channels. This tactic dissuades individuals from seeking alternative repair options, as they fear potential consequences and voiding warranties.

According to a study by the US Public Interest Research Group (PIRG), the right-to-repair movement could help create and sustain up to 63,000 jobs in the United States alone. Yet, the restrictive practices employed by Big Tech hinder the growth of independent repair businesses and thus limit job creation opportunities.

The right-to-repair movement aims to reduce electronic waste, which is a pressing environmental concern. By enabling consumers to repair their own devices or seek affordable repairs, the movement aims to extend the lifespan of electronics and reduce the need for new products. However, Big Tech's superficial support undermines these goals by maintaining a cycle of obsolescence and encouraging expensive replacements rather than repairs.

In conclusion, the performance of Big Tech's superficial support poses significant challenges to the right-to-repair movement. Through limited access to resources, software restrictions, intentional device degradation, and job market limitations, companies hinder the empowerment of consumers and extend the lifespan of electronics. As the movement continues to advocate for change, it is crucial for consumers and policymakers to address these issues and ensure that the right to repair is not undermined.

What are the models?

Big Tech's superficial support towards the right-to-repair movement can have significant consequences. By examining the models they employ, we can better understand how this support may actually undermine the movement's objectives.

One prevalent model used by Big Tech involves providing limited access to essential repair information and parts. While they may claim to support the right to repair, they often make it difficult for independent repair shops or individuals to access necessary tools, resources, or authorized components. This lack of accessibility hampers the repair process and reinforces a reliance on the tech giant's own services.

Another way Big Tech undermines the right-to-repair movement is through strategically designed product features. They often utilize complex designs, proprietary screws, or fragile components that make repairs challenging for anyone other than their authorized technicians. By intentionally making repairs arduous or nearly impossible, they create a cycle where customers are more likely to replace a faulty product rather than repair it.

Research shows that tech companies often prioritize planned obsolescence, where products are intentionally designed to have a limited lifespan. By making repairs expensive or unavailable, they push customers towards purchasing newer models. This practice not only undermines the right to repair but also contributes to electronic waste, harming the environment.

Furthermore, some Big Tech companies resort to voiding warranties or denying support for devices that have been repaired by unauthorized parties. This creates a culture of fear among customers and independent repair shops, discouraging them from attempting repairs or seeking third-party assistance. As a result, people are forced to rely solely on the tech giant's own repair services, limiting competition and consumer choice.

These models employed by Big Tech signify a superficial support for the right-to-repair movement. While they may claim to embrace the principles of repairability and sustainability, their actions suggest otherwise. It is crucial for the public, policymakers, and business professionals to critically evaluate the actual impacts of Big Tech's support and advocate for comprehensive right-to-repair legislation that promotes accessibility and consumer freedoms.


In conclusion, the superficial support exhibited by Big Tech companies towards the right-to-repair movement is regrettably undermining its progress. While these companies may tout their commitment to sustainability and consumer empowerment, their actions reveal a different reality. By restricting access to repair manuals, parts, and tools, they are inhibiting individuals and independent repair shops from exercising their right to repair, ultimately hindering their ability to extend the lifespan of their devices and reduce electronic waste.

This lack of genuine support is evident when we consider the inadequate availability of genuine spare parts and the deliberate design choices that make repairs difficult or even impossible. It is estimated that around 7.7 million metric tons of e-waste were generated in 2019 alone. If individuals were given the tools and resources to repair their devices, a significant portion of this waste could have been avoided.

Furthermore, the economic impact of the right-to-repair movement cannot be ignored. Independent repair businesses, which are often locally owned and operated, contribute to job creation and economic growth. By restricting access to repair resources, Big Tech companies are effectively consolidating power, limiting competition, and potentially monopolizing repair services. This not only stifles innovation and entrepreneurship but also hampers the local economy.

To truly support the right-to-repair movement, Big Tech companies must go beyond superficial gestures and commit to actionable change. This includes making comprehensive repair manuals readily available, ensuring the availability of affordable spare parts, and designing products that are repair-friendly. Allowing individuals and independent repair shops to easily access the tools and knowledge needed to repair their devices not only empowers consumers but also reduces electronic waste and fosters a more sustainable future.

As consumers, we hold the power to demand transparency and push for genuine support from Big Tech companies. By advocating for the right-to-repair movement and supporting local repair businesses, we can create a more sustainable and equitable technology landscape. Together, we can drive change and secure our right to repair.



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