Long before Gates or Jobs, 6 women programmed the first digital computer

Long before Gates or Jobs became household names in the tech industry, there were six remarkable women who pioneered the world of programming and forever changed the course of computing history. These exceptional women were the unsung heroes behind the creation of the first digital computer. Today, we will take a closer look at their incredible accomplishments and the lasting impact they have had on the field of technology.

During World War II, the United States was embroiled in a race against time, desperately seeking a solution to decode secret enemy messages. The top-secret project, known as the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), required the expertise of talented mathematicians and engineers to develop a groundbreaking machine that could effectively tackle the complex calculations necessary for decoding.

This is where the six women entered the picture. These brilliant minds were tasked with programming the ENIAC to perform the necessary computations. They were Betty Holberton, Betty Snyder, Marlyn Wescoff, Kathleen McNulty, Frances Bilas, and Ruth Lichterman. Despite facing systemic sexism and discrimination prevalent during that era, they rose above and excelled in their roles, blazing a trail for future generations of female programmers.

The programming work for the ENIAC was far from simple. Unlike modern programming languages, which are user-friendly and intuitive, the ENIAC's programming required manual labor. The "programmers" had to physically rewire the machine, connecting cables and switches to execute the desired calculations. Imagine the immense attention to detail and patience required for such a task!

The efforts of these women were not only integral to the successful operation of the ENIAC but also served as a foundation for the field of computer programming as we know it today. Their groundbreaking work laid the groundwork for the development of programming languages and methods that would revolutionize the world of technology.

Interestingly, they were not widely recognized for their accomplishments at the time. The men who created and managed the ENIAC largely overshadowed their contributions. It was only in recent years that the world began to acknowledge the significant role these women played. They were not just human "computers" but brilliant minds who shaped the future of computing.

It is important to remember the contributions of these trailblazing women, especially as we strive for more diversity and inclusion within the tech industry. Their achievements serve as a powerful reminder that talent knows no gender, and that innovation flourishes in an inclusive environment.

In conclusion, the story of these six remarkable women – Betty Holberton, Betty Snyder, Marlyn Wescoff, Kathleen McNulty, Frances Bilas, and Ruth Lichterman – who programmed the first digital computer, is a testament to their brilliance and resilience. They overcame immense challenges and worked tirelessly to pave the way for future generations of programmers. While their names are not as widely known as Gates or Jobs, their impact on the world of technology is undeniable. Let us draw inspiration from their achievements and continue to push for a more inclusive and diverse tech industry.

How is its design?

Long before Gates or Jobs revolutionized the tech industry, six remarkable women made a significant impact by programming the first-ever digital computer. These exceptional individuals paved the way for modern computing, contributing to a field that was once dominated by men. Their remarkable accomplishments deserve recognition and continue to inspire aspiring business professionals today.

In the 1940s, during World War II, electronic digital computers were not yet in existence. However, a team of six brilliant women, including Betty Holberton, Kay McNulty, and Jean Bartik, were recruited by the U.S. military to work on a top-secret project called the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC).

The ENIAC, developed at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering, was the first large-scale electronic computer. However, building the computer itself was only half the battle. Programming it posed an entirely new challenge.

Operating the ENIAC effectively meant programming it manually using numerous switches and cables. It required logical thinking, precise calculations, and a deep understanding of complex algorithms. This groundbreaking task was initially thought to be suitable only for men. However, these six extraordinary women proved everyone wrong.

Their determination, skill, and hard work enabled them to program the ENIAC flawlessly. In fact, they became experts in troubleshooting and debugging the computer, working tirelessly to overcome technical obstacles. The women programmed the ENIAC to solve intricate mathematical equations for military purposes, contributing significantly to scientific research, weather prediction, and the development of weapons systems.

Despite their invaluable contributions, these women's roles were often overshadowed and forgotten by history. It was not until much later that their remarkable achievements were recognized and celebrated. Their groundbreaking work paved the way for future advancements in computer technology and laid the foundation for the digital revolution.

Today, the impact of those six women programmers can be seen in the increasing number of women pursuing careers in the tech industry. Their story serves as a powerful reminder that gender has no bearing on one's ability to excel in a field traditionally dominated by men. In an industry that constantly evolves, their legacy continues to inspire and pave the way for aspiring business professionals around the world.

These extraordinary women programmers challenged the norms of their time and left an indelible mark on the history of computer science. Their accomplishments are a testament to the power of determination, talent, and the potential for anyone, regardless of gender, to excel in the business and tech industry.

Let us not forget the invaluable contributions of these six women programmers, as they remind us that diversity and inclusivity are vital for progress and innovation. Their work is a lasting testament to the limitless possibilities that lie within each of us and the boundless potential for growth and success in the evolving world of business and technology.

How is its performance?

Long before Gates or Jobs revolutionized the digital world, there were six remarkable women who played a vital role in programming the first digital computer. Their contributions were groundbreaking and have had a lasting impact on technology as we know it today.

These six women, often referred to as the "ENIAC Six," worked at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania during World War II. At the time, computers were massive machines that required manual programming, and these women took on the immense task of programming the first ever electronic general-purpose computer, the ENIAC.

Their programming skills were second to none, and they excelled in solving complex mathematical calculations required for various war-related computations. Jean Jennings Bartik, Betty Jean Jennings Snyder Holberton, Kathleen McNulty Mauchly Antonelli, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Frances Bilas Spence, and Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum were the pioneers who made it possible for the ENIAC to perform calculations faster and more efficiently than any human could.

Their exceptional programming skills were instrumental in various applications, from calculating ballistic missile trajectories to performing calculations for the Manhattan Project. The programming techniques they developed laid the foundation for modern programming languages and paved the way for advancements in technology that followed.

Although their contributions were significant, these women's involvement in programming the ENIAC remained largely unknown for many years. It wasn't until the mid-1990s that their story started gaining recognition and receiving the credit it deserved. Their remarkable achievements shattered gender stereotypes, inspiring future generations of women to pursue careers in technology.

The work of the ENIAC Six not only cemented their place in history but also highlighted the immense talent and capabilities of women in the field of technology. These six women showcased that gender is not a barrier to success in programming and that anyone with the passion and skill can have a significant impact on the world of technology.

Their story serves as a powerful reminder that diversity and inclusion in the tech industry are essential for innovation and progress. By embracing and celebrating the contributions of individuals from all backgrounds, we can create a more inclusive and successful technology landscape.

As business professionals, it is crucial for us to acknowledge and appreciate the groundbreaking achievements of these six women. Their legacy serves as an inspiration for the continued advancement of technology and emphasizes the importance of cultivating a diverse and inclusive workforce in our organizations. Together, we can build upon their pioneering work and shape a future where everyone can thrive in the digital age.

What are the models?

Long before Bill Gates or Steve Jobs became household names, a group of six remarkable women made significant contributions to the world of technology. These trailblazers were the programmers of the first digital computer, known as the ENIAC.

Back in the 1940s, when computers were still in their infancy, the United States was deeply involved in World War II. The military needed a machine that could crunch complex calculations quickly, aiding in the war effort. This is where the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, or ENIAC, came into the picture.

The six women who were pivotal in programming the ENIAC were Jean Jennings Bartik, Betty Holberton, Kathleen Antonelli, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Fran Bilas, and Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum. These women were recruited by the U.S. Army and were hired as "computers" because at the time, the term "computer" referred to a person performing complex calculations, not a machine.

Programming the ENIAC was no easy feat. The machine utilized complex electronic circuits, switches, and patch cables to execute instructions. The programming process involved physically rewiring the machine to perform various calculations. The women had to work tirelessly, often in tight quarters, to input the necessary instructions and solve intricate problems.

Their programming efforts on the ENIAC were groundbreaking, opening the doors to a world of possibilities in the digital realm. They programmed the computer to perform calculations for artillery trajectory, nuclear weapon design, weather prediction, and much more.

Despite their invaluable contributions, these women were largely overlooked and unrecognized for their achievements for many years. It wasn't until more recent times that their names and accomplishments started to gain the recognition they truly deserved. Today, their legacy lives on, inspiring generations of women in the field of technology.

These women not only pioneered programming but also shattered gender barriers in a predominantly male-dominated industry. Their determination and expertise laid the foundation for future advancements in computing, propelling us into the digital age we are immersed in today.

Their story serves as a testament to the untapped potential of women in technology. It highlights the importance of recognizing and honoring the contributions of all individuals, regardless of gender, in the advancement of our society.

The journey of these six remarkable women serves as an inspiration for business professionals, urging them to embrace diversity, celebrate unsung heroes, and foster an inclusive environment in the workplace. By doing so, we can unlock a vast array of ideas, perspectives, and talents and truly push the boundaries of what's possible in the world of technology.


So there you have it – a fascinating glimpse into the history of technology and the often overlooked contributions of women. Long before the names Gates and Jobs became synonymous with the digital revolution, there were six brilliant women who programmed the first ever digital computer.

Their names may not be as widely recognized, but their impact was undeniable. These pioneering women, including Betty Jennings, Betty Snyder, Kay McNulty, Marlyn Wescoff, Ruth Lichterman, and Fran Bilas, played a crucial role in shaping the future of computing.

Working at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering during World War II, these women took on the task of programming the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, or ENIAC for short. This massive machine, weighing in at 30 tons and stretching 100 feet long, was the first general-purpose digital computer.

Despite the challenges and barriers they faced as women in a male-dominated field, these incredible programmers pushed boundaries and achieved remarkable results. They developed complex algorithms, tackled programming challenges, and optimized ENIAC's performance to aid in calculations for crucial wartime efforts.

Their work on ENIAC paved the way for future advancements in computing and laid the foundation for the digital age we live in today. From the early days of programming punch cards to the sleek and powerful computers we now carry in our pockets, we owe a debt of gratitude to these extraordinary women.

Their story serves as a reminder that diversity and inclusivity are essential for innovation and progress. It is inspiring to know that long before the tech giants of today, women played a significant role in shaping the digital landscape.

As we reflect on this untold history, let us celebrate the achievements of these six remarkable women and recognize the vital contributions that women continue to make in the world of technology. Their legacy lives on, inspiring future generations to break barriers, push boundaries, and never underestimate their own capabilities.

So the next time you hear the names Gates and Jobs, remember the names Jennings, Snyder, McNulty, Wescoff, Lichterman, and Bilas – the unsung heroines who paved the way for a digital revolution.



Related Articles

Nike drops have nothing on GPUs. I waited in line with 170 people for a graphics card

Waiting in line with 170 people for a graphics card, the craze around GPU drops surpasses that of Nike releases.

The best gifts for Mac users 8 peripherals to complete your setup

Discover the ultimate list of Mac accessories - 8 perfect peripherals to elevate your setup and enhance your Mac experience.

Forget toilet paper. Remote working means laptop supplies are running low, too

Remote working means laptop supplies are running low. Now, forget toilet paper.

DuckDuckGo’s beta browser for MacOS puts privacy first

Introducing DuckDuckGo's beta browser for MacOS: privacy-focused, prioritizing your data security.